The North borders Ecuador and Colombia. The South borders Chile. The West borders the Pacific ocean. The East borders Brazil and Bolivia. The country covers nearly 500,000 square miles and as much as 200 nautical miles. It also has 11 ecoregions, and out of 117 life zones that exist worldwide, Peru has 84 of them. Lastly, it is divided into three large regions: North, Center, and South.
The temperature in Peru has quite a range from 28-100degrees F. The climate ranges from temperate, dry, warm, hot, humid, cold, rainy, and arid. The temperatures and climates vary depending on which part of Peru you are in. The Northern climate seems to be mostly warm, the Central climate looks wet, and the Southern climate is temperate. The following list includes the temperatures and climates for each region.
Amazonas–” temperate climate”, “rainy season during summer (December-April)”; 50-68°F. “Mysterious and natural…Living culture: For those with an interest in archaeology and lesser-known historical places; those who enjoy popular traditions, folklore, and culture; lovers of nature, waterfalls, birdwatching and orchids; avid hikers and those interested in community tourism”.
Lambayeque–” dry, warm climate…with high humidity in the mornings”; “arid and semi-warm”, 66-90°F. “Kingdom of powerful lords…Living culture, pleasure and nature: For those interested in archaeology, handicraft collectors, bird watchers, cultural mysticism enthusiasts and lovers of great beaches”.
San Martin–”hot and humid…heavy rains between December-March”; 66-93°F. “Waterfalls beyond imagination…Living culture, nature, and adventure: For fans of archaeology and local traditions, those interested in nature, waterfalls and wildlife and bird watching, and lovers of hiking, rafting, kayaking and adventure sports”.
Cajamarca–”semi-dry and temperate”; 39-70°F. “History, Carnivals, and Wildlife…Living culture, nature and adventure: Lovers of history and archaeology, agro-tourism, religious tourism, birdwatchers, relaxation and health, hiking and walks in a very natural environment”.
Loreto–”warm and rainy”; 70-100°F. “The World’s Nature Reserve…Living culture and nature: For fans of nature and biodiversity, bird, wildlife and flower watchers, those interested in mysticism and traditions and who are passionate about sailing the rivers of the Amazon region”.
Tumbes–hot; 72-90°F. “Beaches and mangroves…Living culture, pleasure and nature: For handicraft collectors, lovers of the sun, the sand and the ocean, nature enthusiasts, bird watchers those interested in the study of medicinal plants, shamanism and adventure sports”.
La Libertad–” arid and semi-warm”; 57-82°F. “Pyramids and Colonial Ambience…Adventure, living culture and nature: Archaeology enthusiasts, birdwatchers, nature lovers and surfers”.
Piura–” arid and warm”; 61-91°F. “Beaches and a never-ending summer…Living culture, pleasure, and nature: For handicraft collectors, lovers of beaches, sun and sand, bird watchers, fans of aquatic sports and nature enthusiasts”.
Ancash–” dry and temperate”; 39-73°F. “Mirror of the Sky…Living culture, nature and adventure: Those with an interest in ancient civilizations, handicraft collectors, wildlife watchers, lovers of mountaineering, hiking and adventure sports”.
Junin–”rainy”; 36-90°F. “Highlands, Jungle, and Tradition…Living culture and nature: Those with an interest in ancient civilizations, handicraft collectors, wildlife watchers, lovers of mountaineering, hiking and adventure sports”.
Ucayali–”rainy and hot”; 66-93°F. “A journey into Amazonian culture…Living culture and nature: For fans of local traditions, culture and folklore, nature and waterfall enthusiasts, bird and orchid watchers, as well as lovers of hiking and community tourism”.
Callao–”humid and cloudy”; 57-86°F. “Port, Sea, and Islands…Leisure and nature: Sun and sea lovers. Birdwatchers, water sports fans, and sea life enthusiasts”.
Lima–”arid and semi-warm”; 57-81°F. “World Heritage Site…Living culture, pleasure and nature: For those interested in colonial monuments, archaeology enthusiasts, handicraft collectors, bird watchers, museum aficionados, beach lovers and those who like to eat splendid food”.
Huancavelica–”cold and rainy”; 36-61°F. “Fertile Fields and Rich History…Living culture and adventure: History and archaeology buffs, fans of handicrafts, nature, hot springs, adventure sports and community tourism”.
Huanuco–”temperate and dry”; 54-82°F. “Gateway to the Amazon…Living culture and nature: History and culture buffs, nature lovers and fans of waterfalls, lagoons, bird watching, flora, hiking and mountaineering. Those with an interest in visiting old estates and walking the thick jungle wilderness”.
Pasco–”temperate”; 28-54°F. “Union of mountain and jungle…Adventure and nature: Ideal for tourism and adrenaline lovers,rock-climbing fans, hiking, mountain biking, fans of nature and breathtaking landscapes, and bird, wildlife and flower watching”.
Arequipa–”semi-arid and temperate”; 41-72°F. “Noble and Volcanic…Living culture, nature and adventure: Those with an interest in ancient civilizations, handicraft collectors, bird watchers, lovers of hot springs, mountaineers, fans of hiking and adventure sports”.
Cuzco–”semi-dry and cold”; 34-70°F. “Birthplace of the world…Living culture, adventure and nature: For those interested in archaeology, religious monument connoisseurs, lovers of popular traditions, experience-based tourism and adventure sports, handicraft collectors and bird watchers”.
Moquegua–”dry, warm, and sunny”; 50-81°F. “Ocean and countryside…Living culture, pleasure and nature: Beach enthusiasts, history aficionados and lovers of the winemaking tradition and nature”.
Apurimac–”temperate”; 50-77°F. “Heart of the Andes…Adventure, history, and eco-tourism: History and archaeology buffs, adventure-sports enthusiasts, thermal baths and community tourism”.
Ica–”sunny”; 48-90°F. “Valley of Mysteries and Good Pisco…Living culture, adventure and nature: Those with an interest in archaeology, lovers of boating, aquatic and extreme sports, wildlife watchers, lovers of grapes and grape traditions”. Puno–”temperate”; 30-59°F. “Festivals and legends on the edge of Titicaca…Living culture and nature: Fans of community tourism, archaeology enthusiasts, admirers of religious monuments, handicraft collectors, those interested by local traditions and customs and wildlife and adventure sports lovers”.
Ayacucho–”sunny”; 43-82°F. “Altarpieces of Art and Nature…Living culture and nature: History lovers, collectors of colonial art and craftwork, true believers in religious manifestations, archaeology, nature lovers and homestay tourists”.
Madre de Dios–”warm and humid”; 63-91°F. “A paradise of biodiversity…Living culture and nature: For fans of walking, bird and wildlife watchers, scientific tourism, nature lovers and those wishing to visit communities”.
Tacna–”humid and warm”; 48-81°F. “Coast, valleys and a heroic history…Living culture, adventure, pleasure and nature: Fans of archaeology and history, lovers of water sports and hikes, enthusiasts of fine wine and pisco as well as those interested in hot springs and life in nature”.
There are also many beaches in Peru. They reside in the three regions of North, Central, and South. The following is a list of beaches and areas surrounding:
The Northern region: Tumbes, with Zorritos and Punta Sal; Piura with Mancora, Las Pocitas, Vichayito, Los Organos, Colan, Cabo Blanco, and Bahía Nonura; Lambayeque with Pimentel; and La Libertad with Huanchaco, Pacasmayo, and Chicama Port/Malabrigo. The activities on these beaches are boat rides, nature adventures, horseback riding, flying kites, surfing, whale watching, and observing the Moche route. This region even has year-round sunshine!
The Central region: Ancash, with Tortugas and Tuquillo; Lima, with Ancon, El Silencio, Playa Costa Verde, Muelle de Ancon, Punta Rocas, Punta Hermosa, San Bartolo, Santa Maria, Pucusana, Bujama and Chocaya, Cerro Azul, and Beaches of Asia; Ica, with Paracas, La Mina, Mendieta, and El Chaco. This region boasts awesome scenery. The best time to visit is between December to March
The Southern region: Arequipa, with Puerto Inca, Camana, Mollendo, and Mejia; Tacna, with Boca de Rio. The Southern region boasts many resorts.
Humorously, there are a few beaches that have some nicknames, which are: Mancora, Piura–The party beach, Punta Sal, Tumbes–The paradise beach, La Mina, Paracas–The secret beach, Miraflores, Lima–The city beach, and Huanchaco, Trujillo–The surfer beach.
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