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What shots do I need for Peru?

What are the most important shots for your trip to Peru?

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So, you’ve managed to get the most information for your trip to Peru, but maybe one crucial is still missing? Probably you have been wondering, “What shots do I need for Peru?”.

Well in this post we’re going to tell you what vaccines do you need to take before you relax and enjoy in Inca Trail, Amazon or Lake Titicaca.

When traveling to Peru, you should get vaccinated for Yellow Fever, Typhoid, Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, and Rabies.
The World Health Organisation – WHO recommends that you take your vaccines at least four weeks before your trip to Peru.
Also, you should discuss with your doctor what shots do you need to take for a safe journey. Some of them are recommended for all travelers, while others are for some travelers.

Want to make sure you get the most needed vaccines for your travel?
Then keep reading.

What highly recommended shots do I need for Peru?

There are two essential recommended vaccines for most types of travelers.

Hepatitis A – take shots to prevent from being affected by this liver affecting the virus. You can get contaminated with it through water, food, or sexual contact. The thing about Hepatitis A is that symptoms can appear two to six weeks after exposure, so you can travel back home without knowing that you’re even infected.
Against this virus, use boosters shots for protection.

How to avoid getting infected by Hepatitis A in Peru?

First of all and most obviously with vaccination, but also by taking caution which food are you’re going to eat and what kind of water are you going to drink.
Take care of your hygiene with washing your hands before and after a meal or going to the toilet. Some handwashing facilities are not clean or not available so you should always carry
sanitizing gel or hand wipes with you.
Also, take precautions with choosing the food that you’re going to eat. Don’t consume food that is prepared or served at room temperature, raw or soft boiled eggs, raw or undercooked meat and fish, salads, unpasteurized dairy products, unwashed or unpeeled fresh fruits and vegetables.
Look for a food that is going to be served hot or for pasteurized dairy products. Wash fruits and vegetables in clean water and peele it by yourself.

You should avoid drinking tap water and drinks made from it or consuming ice made from tap water. Instead drink carbonated water and beverages, hot tea or coffee.

Most common symptoms of Hepatitis A include abdominal pain, nausea or vomiting, mild Fever, and diarrhea.

 

Typhoid – Like Hepatitis A, this disease also spreads through contaminated food or water and is most common for Peru. We highly recommend getting the vaccine, especially if you are a street food or hiking lover.

Fever, headaches, and abdominal discomfort are the most typical symptoms for Typhoid.
If you don’t like to be stabbed by needles, there is an option to take pills, but you should ask your doctor for advice.

How to avoid getting infected by Typhoid in Peru?

As in the case of Hepatitis A, you should get vaccinated and keep in mind suggestions that are listed above. Also, you should sanitize your dishes, cups, and utensils with alcohol wipes.
When choosing a meal, look for the one that is boiling hot and freshly cooked, in best case in front of you.
When there’s a question about consuming water and food, you should keep in mind the same thing as in the case of preventing Hepatitis A.

What routine travel shots do I need for Peru?

Based on your planned activity in Peru, you should consider taking shots against these most common diseases:

Hepatitis B – is a virus transmitted through blood and body fluids such as semen. Travelers can become infected through unprotected sex with an infected person, injection drug use, and transfusions with unscreened blood.

There are two types of liver infection. The first one is Acute Hepatitis B, and it’s a short-term illness which is more infectious than HIV.
The other one, Chronic Hepatitis B, is the long-term liver illness.
Symptoms may last from several weeks to several months. They include things like loss of appetite, vomiting, sudden Fever, nausea tiredness, stomach pain, yellowing of the skin and eyes, dark urine, and joint pain.

With the injectable vaccine, if boosters are completed, of course, you should get lifelong protection.

How to avoid getting infected by Hepatitis B in Peru?

You should avoid getting tattooed or pierced on the place where sterilization of equipment cannot be trusted or verified.
Also, avoid sexual intercourses without protection, even for oral sex. Keep in mind that condoms are not complete protection.
Make sure you have adequate health insurance on travel because not sanitized or reused needles could also infect people with Hepatitis B.

Yellow Fever – Vaccination shots for this type of fever are not mandatory for your trip to Peru. But, you might need a Yellow Fever vaccination certificate to enter other countries in South America, such as Bolivia, from Peru, so you should inform yourself on time.

Based on the places you’re going to visit, you should consider getting a vaccination for this disease. Yellow Fever is commonly spread east of the Andes. So if you’re traveling to Lima or Machu Picchu, you’re not going to need these types of shots.

It’s recommended to take vaccination for all travelers younger than nine months of age. It’s recommended to take the shot for those who are going to areas at elevations below 2,300 m (7,546 ft) in the regions of Amazonas, Loreto, Junín, San Martin and Ucayali, Pasco, Puno, Madre de Dios, Cusco, and Huánuco.

Symptoms of the disease include muscle pain, sudden fever, nausea, and vomiting.

How to avoid getting infected by Yellow Fever in Peru?

Protect yourself with appropriate mosquito repellents, clothing, or netting because this disease spreads through mosquitoes.

You should cover exposed skin by wearing long-sleeved shirts, long pants, hats, and putting pants into socks. In this way, you’ll be safe from getting your skin exposed.
Use permethrin-treated clothing and gear pants, boots, socks, and tents. You can buy permethrin-treated gear, or you can treat it yourself. Depending on the product, treated clothing remains protective after multiple pieces of washing. Look for the product information to find out how long the protection will last.

Rabies – These types of vaccines are not mandatory, but you might consider taking them if you’re an outdoor travel enthusiast. They can spread through contact with dogs, foxes, cats, or bats.
Travelers that are involved in outdoor and other activities are at high risk for animal bites. Also, there’s a high chance of getting infected for the people working with or around animals such as wildlife professionals, veterinarians, rescuers, and researchers.

Rabies spreads through saliva of an infected animal mostly through a bite or a scratch or even if the infected animal licks you on broken skin.
Children are at high risk of getting infected because they tend to play with animals and are more likely to have animal bites on their head and neck.
If you get bitten or scratched, you should seek immediate medical attention.

Some of the symptoms are itching sensations around the bite, general weakness and delirium or hallucinations at a late stage.

How to avoid getting infected by Rabies in Peru?

Check if your travel destination in Peru may be more affected by Rabies than in other areas.
You should also avoid contact with either domestic or wild animals, especially cats and dogs.

If you are planning to travel with your pet, like a dog or a cat, you should keep an eye on it
and don’t allow it to play with local animals, including domestic pets and especially avoid stray animals.

 

Is there Malaria in Peru?

Short answered: yes.

Malaria is a disease that is spread by mosquitoes, especially in the summertime.
Some regions are more affected by it, like a famous Loretto region. The general rule is to take some antimalarial medication with you on your trip to Peru.
You should take prescription medicine before, during, and after your trip to keep safe from Malaria, especially if you plan to spend a lot of time outdoors or to sleep outside.

Areas of Peru with the risk of Malaria are all places that are below 2,000 m (6,562 ft). These include the cities of Iquitos and Puerto Maldonado and only the remote eastern regions of La Libertad and Lambayeque.

How to avoid getting infected with Malaria in Peru?

You should cover exposed skin by wearing long-sleeved shirts, long pants, hats, and putting pants into socks. In this way, you’ll be safe from getting your skin exposed.
Also, use an appropriate insect repellent as directed. Note that if you are using sunscreen, you should apply sunscreen and insect repellent second.

We’re hoping that this article was helpful for you. Hope you will protect yourself and enjoy all the beauties of Peru.

If you want to feel safer while in Peru, you can check out more of our articles about safety. Also, you can see here a lot of exciting writings that will help you with tips and tricks for Peru.

 

Written by Branko Kranjcevic

Few things about me:
I’m a passionate content writer and copywriter. Besides that, I love hiking, running, and drinking craft beer.
My ideal place to spend my free time is in nature. There I’m charging my batteries and finding inspiration for my work.

 

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